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Archive for May, 2013

1970.24x-front

This particular medal belonged to Joseph Albie Sewall (1839-1922) of York who served as a private in Company G, 27th Maine. Contracted to a 9-month campaign, the 25th Maine was first asked to stay behind to defend Washington, D.C. in June, 1863,  due to the invasion of Pennsylvania by Robert E. Lee (the Gettysburg Campaign). They declined. The 27th Maine was then asked to help and 300 men agreed to stay behind. Initially, these soldiers were told that “Medals of Honor would be given to that portion of the regiment that volunteered to remain.” The battle was soon over and they left Washington for home on July 4th, reuniting with the rest of the regiment in Portland for their mustering out on July 17th. Later there was a disagreement as to which of the men actually served since records had not been kept. Commanding officer Lieutenant Colonel Mark F. Wentworth, who had witnessed great sacrifice and valor in the battlefields, did not believe that the soldiers of the 27th deserved the medals. A few of the medals were distributed unofficially, but were purged by congress in 1917. This medal was given to the Museums of Old York by Joseph’s granddaughter, Anne Elizabeth  (Sewall) Bowden in 1970.

There were a total of 949 men listed on the muster rolls for the 27th Maine. During their service, the regiment lost nineteen men by disease and one was killed by the accidental discharge of his musket.

The medal is also known as “Minerva Repulsing Discord”. Taken in the context of the Civil War soldiers and sailors struggling to overcome the discord of the states and preserve the Union, the design was as fitting as it was symbolic. The medal depicts Minerva, the Roman virgin goddess of wisdom, fighting Discord, the Roman goddess of strife.

1970.24x-back

Reverse side is engraved, “The Congress to Joseph A. Sewall, C. G. 27th Me. Vol.”

 

 

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1962.187-1 (2)

This week’s mystery object is a patch box! Patch boxes were used to store patches (false beauty marks) which were fashionable in the 17th and 18th centuries. The patches consisted of bits of gummed taffeta or other fabric used to emphasize the beauty or whiteness of the skin or to draw attention to a particular facial feature, such as a dimple. They were also used to hide flaws such as scars, pimples, etc. They varied in form and design from simple spots, stars, or crescents and were sometimes dyed brilliant colors.

The interior of the lid was usually lined with a mirror and sometimes held two compartments, one for the patches and the other for rouge. In its heyday (1700s), both men and woman used patches, although it appears to have been more common among women. Patch boxes were commonly given as gifts and the covers are often decorated with declarations of friendship.

1962.187

What is it?

Hint: Think Marilyn Monroe.

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